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Houston-Notable Buildings

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The Sweeney, Coombs & Frederick building was built in 1889 and is located on the corner of Main Street and Congress Street at 301 Main Street. Sweeney is a jewelry firm which is still in business. It is one of the very very few Victorian structures in the Bayou City. Some people believe this building wasn't entirely built by George Dickey. They believe parts of the W.A. Van Alstyne Building still live in the current structure, even though it was supposed to be demolished in 1861.

 

The Gulf Building, now called the JPMorgan Chase building, is one of the preeminent Art Deco skyscrapers in the southern United States. Completed in 1929, it remained the tallest building in Houston until 1963, when the Exxon Building surpassed it in height.

 

The Esperson Buildings, 'Neils' built in 1927 and 'Mellie' in 1942, were modeled with Italian architecture.

 

The Houston City Hall was started in 1938 and completed in 1939. The original building is an excellent example of the Art Deco Era. In front of City Hall is the George Hermann Square.

 

One Shell Plaza was, at its completion in 1971, the tallest building in Houston. It stands 715 feet tall, and when the antenna tower on its top is included, the height of One Shell Plaza is 1000 feet.

 

Houston Public Library's Central Library, consists of two separate buildings: the Julia Ideson Building (1926) and the Jesse H. Jones Building (1976).

 

The Houston Industries Building, formerly known simply as the 1100 Milam Building, was built in 1973. It went through major renovatedions in 1996.

 

Pennzoil Place, designed by Philip Johnson,built in 1976, is Houston most award winning skyscraper known for its innovative design. Johnson's forward thinking brought about a new era in skyscraper design.

 

The First City Tower was built in 1981.

 

The JPMorgan Chase Tower, designed by I.M. Pei built in 1981 and formerly the

 

Texas Commerce Tower, is the tallest in Houston and the second tallest in the United States west of the Mississippi River.

 

The Chevron Tower, formerly the Gulf Tower, was built in 1982.

 

The Bank of America Center, formerly the RepublicBank Center and the

NationsBank center, designed by Philip Johnson was built in 1983.

 

The Enron Center North, also the Four Allen Center, was also built in 1983.

 

The Wells Fargo Bank Plaza, formerly the Allied Bank Plaza and First Interstate Center, also built in 1983 is the second tallest building in the Houston Area.

 

The Heritage Plaza was completed in 1987.

 

The Enron Center South, also the Enron II, designed by Cesar Pelli was completed in 2002. (Note: Enron went bankrupt before the building's completion and was sold soon after it was completed for about half of its $200 million construction cost).

 

The Hobby Center for the Performing Arts was started in 2000 and completed in 2002.

 

The Lyric Centre is filled with lawyers, but is named for its adjacency to the many performing arts venues in Houston's Theater District.

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